Currently, all type 1 diabetes patients need daily insulin therapy. In recent years, it has become more common for people with type 2 diabetes to take insulin daily. The insulin is given in the form of injections, usually with special insulin pens.
Type 2 diabetes can often be kept under control by nutritional nutrition and increased exercise. However, in many cases, drug treatment is also required. The most common drug metformin is often already included in diabetes diagnosis.
Some types of tablets stimulate the pancreas to release insulin. Other tablets increase the sensitivity of the tissues to insulin (such as metformin), but do not affect insulin production. New preparations introduced in the 21st century, tablets and injections, alter the hormone balance and stimulate insulin secretion. A completely new strategy is diabetic tablets that increase the secretion of sugar in the urine, thus reducing the amount of glucose in the blood.
Metformin hydrochloride is an antidiabetic drug of the biguanide derivative group, which lowers glucose concentration in plasma from the onset and after eating. Does not stimulate insulin secretion and does not cause hypoglycemic effects mediated by this mechanism.