When blood circulation works poorly in the kidneys, salt and water accumulate in different body tissues and cause swelling of the body and shortness of breath. This can be treated directly with diuretics, that is, the diuretic drugs that help the body get rid of excess water and salt by increasing the amount of urine.
Aldosterone inhibitors are a potassium-sparing, diuretic that counteracts the effect of a type of hormone called aldosterone in the blood.
ACE inhibitors are drugs that cause the blood vessels to widen, which, in turn, reduces the heart’s pumping work, and also helps the kidneys to secret excess water. All in all, this means that the heart is relieved.
Beta blockers are a group of drugs that make the heart work more calmly and more efficiently, which leads to a long-term improvement in heart function. The drugs block the effect of the stress hormones noradrenaline and adrenaline.
Propranolol is a beta-blocker drug. It works by reducing the resting heart rate, the amount of blood pumped from the heart into the body, the minimum and maximum pressure and orthostatic hypotension. Propranolol is administered orally, usually in the form of capsules or liquid solution.